Understanding Different Realms of Land Surveying

Land surveying is quite a specific term, typically decoded by many as an act of surveying land. However, did you know that it is an area of discipline with a broad scope? For example, land surveys are done for sectors like upstream, midstream, oilsands, construction, renewables, land development, and infrastructure in Calgary.

Considering how broad the areas are, land surveying services in Calgary are fully diverse on their own. Thus, there are chances you’ll get confused about what form of service you need to approach. Hence, here is the list of land surveying types and methods classified in a particular context.

Major Division of Land Surveying

There are two major divisions of land surveying: geodetic and plane.


This approach focuses on treating the earth as a sphere and purposefully applied if the areas to survey are vast.


This is just a plane approach to the earth as a flat surface from the term itself. Compared to geodetic, this survey is easier to conduct with a small amount of surveying equipment and tools.

Classification Based on Method or Nature of Survey

Boundary Surveying

You need boundary surveying if your purpose covers surveys for the boundaries of sections of your land. Also, it sketches or monuments the physical place of property hubs and lines.

Construction Surveying

All big construction projects need skeletal information before they commence.. So if you plan to construct a residential or commercial lot, this survey is perfect for you.

The output expected for this survey is an assessment of the arrangement of establishments, roadways, energy lines, gas mains, and all structures within the vicinity of a construction site.

Control Surveying

This survey is used to find the accurate positioning of an arbitrary threshold. This one applies to you when you need to make job site planning for your property. This plan covers arranging structures on the land and assembling spaces between them.

Mining Surveying

As the term suggests, it is a survey for mining data gathering. Notably, it provides information on potential mining locations that you can operate with confirmatory elements that such earth resource is present. Mining surveys typically appeal to waste companies, so you must have this survey as an initial data collection if you are one of them.

Drone Surveying

This one is relatively new in the industry. Only progressive cities like Calgary utilize aerial surveys. What makes this revolutionary is that you can conduct a study even if the operation on-site is currently taking place.

Moreover, it reduces labor costs and additional charges since the scope of the drone is vast and it can map inaccessible areas. More so that it provides an even more accurate and precise measurement effortlessly. In short, the power of technology has made surveying convenient.

As-Built Surveying

As-built surveying is probably one of the most critical surveys you need to apply not for your internal concerns but rather for compliance with the law. This survey confirms that you adhere to municipal or statutory requirements as you decide to improve the land.

Topographic Surveying

In simple terms, it measures the placement and design of terrain. It is necessary to allocate specific land parts and divide them into smaller areas.

The expected output of this survey is identifying all-natural features and elevations of the subject property.

Conjunction Instruments for Land Surveying

Chain Surveying

This one is the simplest land surveying method because measurements are all that’s done on-site. On the other hand, plotting calculations and other work are done in the office already.

Chain surveying is the art of measuring distances with a chain or tape,pretty much clinical to its term.

Photographic Surveying

It is also known as photograph icing, which means the science of measurement using photographs. If you are a fan of majorly visual representation, you can use this to map and plan the full measure of the land.

Plane Table Surveying

This particular survey is suitable for small-scale surveys. Instead of photography, this one leans towards graphical representation. As such, the field observations and plotting are done simultaneously.

Theodolite Surveying

On the contrary to the plane table, this one is applicable for large-scale surveys. In layman’s terms, theodolite measures angles in the horizontal and vertical planes. This, later on, allows the surveyors to triangulate the positions of objects in a specific area.

Total Station Surveying

If theodolite seems to be an advanced technology, the total station is even an improved model. The total station is a modern instrument that combines electronic theodolite features and an electronic distance meter.

Other notable surveying tools are:

  • Compass
  • Tacheometer and more.

Please take note that these surveying instruments are collaborative. It doesn’t necessarily need these instruments to be used one by one. Some land surveyors prefer to achieve the best of both worlds by using all of them if necessary.

Knowing the types and instruments of surveying can make you aware of what you are paying for and if they are something that your land needs. In addition, scanning this article reveals how you may choose your land to be handled by you’re a surveyor.

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