The Duomo: A Historical Look at the Origins of the Cathedral of Florence
The magnificent Duomo Florence Tour, which stands tall in the centre of medieval Florence, designates the location of the Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore. The most recognizable landmark in Florence and one of the biggest churches in Europe, this dome is made of lovely terracotta roles.
This magnificent building, also known as the Duomo Cathedral, served as the backdrop for the Italian Renaissance and served as an inspiration to several artists and architects around the continent. The cathedral, which was constructed as a tribute to the Virgin of Flowers, is still a significant landmark for both residents and visitors. In fact, the adjoining baptistery and bell tower ranks among the most popular tourist destinations in the city.
History of Santa Maria del Fiore Cathedral
The splendid construction that eventually replaced the remnants from the fourth century was known as Santa Reparata Cathedral. The original structure was created in 1296 by Arnolfo di Cambio, and as you might have imagined, the focal point was to be a massive dome. However, Filippo Brunelleschi was given the job to build the original structure after beating out several other well-known Florentine artists and architects.
The original cathedral, which included red, white, and green polychrome panels, was a remarkable sight to see, but it was finally replaced in 1874 by a new facade created by Emilio Fabris. This design was finished between the fourteenth and nineteenth centuries, and the magnificent dome has since gained notoriety.
Amazingly, this magnificent dome measures just over 500 feet in length, 295 feet in width, and 295 feet in height at its tallest point. In fact, up until St. Peter’s Basilica was built in 1615, this was the largest cathedral in the world.
However, this does not imply that the dome’s size is its most striking feature, as it was also one of the most amazing examples of engineering and architecture at the time. A dome of this size was thought to be impossible to build by many experts, but Brunelleschi had the skills and expertise to complete the task. In actuality, the architect was a math and physics genius, and his brilliance persuaded officials to move forward with the commission.
Duomo: Construction Disagreement
Although Filippo Brunelleschi had grand intentions for the Duomo, the reality is that most people didn’t like them. For instance, to prevent the dome’s bricks from breaking apart, the outer and inner shells were to be connected together using a rib and ring system with a herringbone pattern. Although these methods are frequently used in contemporary buildings, they were revolutionary at the time.
The dome’s construction eventually got underway in 1420, and a lovely lantern was set on its conical roof, but it wasn’t completed until after Brunelleschi passed away. Later, a copper sphere and cross with sacred relics were added by Andrea del Verrocchio, and in 1579, Giorgio Vasari began painting a stunning fresco.
Advice for Visiting the Santa Maria del Fiore Cathedral
The Ideal Season to Visit – The Duomo is usually open, but before visiting, be sure to inquire about ticket prices and opening hours. You should be aware that the Duomo is still a place of worship, thus it is advised that you dress appropriately when visiting. This prohibits wearing short skirts, shorts, caps, and bare shoulders within the building, in case you were wondering.
Purchasing Tickets – As previously indicated, you should purchase tickets in advance of your trip and reserve a spot to climb the Duomo. The dome, the baptistery, the campanile, and the crypt are all included in the €18 ticket price.
Unbelievably, you can climb the Duomo, which not only provides fantastic city views but also a chance to really appreciate this beautiful work of construction. The 463 steps in the winding passageways transport visitors to an antique era and provide a really one-of-a-kind experience in Florence.
Getting Close to the Last Judgment – After ascending the Duomo, you can stroll around the dome’s base and come close to the iconic fresco known as the Last Judgement.
Visit the Crypt of Santa Reparata – Travel back in time and see the ruins of the former cathedral, which are currently located on a 20th-century archaeology site.
Check Out Saint John’s Baptistery – The baptistery is one of Florence’s oldest structures and construction on it began in 1059. You may look around the numerous mosaics and antique furniture inside and see the bronze doors that Michelangelo once referred to as the “Gates of Paradise.”
Climb the Campanile — Located close to the baptistery, this bell tower is worth a climb. Famous artist Giotto created the Campanile, which was built for the first time in 1334. However, a 414-step staircase with an extremely narrow tread will be required to reach the top.
The bottom line is whether you enjoy architecture or not, ascending the dome is a unique experience, and it’s difficult not to be impressed by the building’s sheer majesty. In addition, this attraction is highly popular, so plan to mix it with other visitors. For the greatest experience, make sure to purchase your Duomo Florence tickets in advance. Get the Duomo Florence Tour now to experience art. Bon Voyage!